The English language, as written in the United Kingdom, shall be
the official language of the Association.
2. System of measurement
The metric system of measurement according to ISO 1000 and the International
System of Units (SI) according to ISO 31 shall be used.
3. Representation of company members
Each company member shall appoint one of its officers or executives
who shall represent this member in General Assemblies and who shall
have full authority to commit the member on all matters listed in
the agenda of the General Assembly. Company members shall notify
the Association of any changes in their representation. Each company
member may appoint one alternate representative.
4. General Assemblies
Representatives may invite additional individuals from their respective
member company to participate in an advisory capacity at a General
The ordinary members at a General Assembly may be represented
by a proxy. A written proxy shall be established indicating the
item or items of the agenda to which it is restricted.
The President or in his absence the Vice-President shall
preside at all General Assemblies. In absence of both, the ordinary
members present or represented by proxy shall elect a Chairman
for that particular meeting.
5. Executive Committee
A Committee consisting of individuals elected by the General Assembly
will be set up under the name of Executive Committee (ExeCom),
whose terms of reference will be as follows:
To hold a meeting at least twice a year.
To prepare terms of reference for new Technical Committees in accordance with the rules for the formation of a Technical Committee.
To nominate a provisional Chairman and Vice-Chairman for each new Technical Committee.
To review and co-ordinate the progress of the TCs and, from time to time, review the terms of reference given to Technical Committees. Where required, Chairmen of TCs shall attend the meeting.
To make recommendations to the disbandment of Technical Committees.
To provide assistance and advice to the Management on business, legal and managerial matters and any other topic as and when required.
To propose nominations for the election of the Management at the General Assembly.
The members of the Ecma Management are members of the Executive Committee. Members of the Management may also be entitled to serve as Chairman of the Executive Committee as specified in Art. 7.8 of the Ecma by-laws.
6. Technical Committees
Formation of Technical Committees (TCs):
TCs will be formed by the Secretary General (SG) when so decided
at a General Assembly.
a) Any proposal for the setting up of a TC shall include the suggested
terms of reference, the scope, and be sent to the SG.
b) Any new work item proposal in a TC or TG shall be supported by at least three members of which there is at most one NFP.
The ExeCom shall nominate a provisional Chairman and Vice-Chairman.
The SG shall then convene the first meeting of the TC.
Operating procedures - Rules and recommendations for the TCs:
Members of TCs are:
- representatives of Ecma members,
- other participants invited by the SG at the request of the
TC or the Management.
Members of Ecma are entitled to send one or more representatives
to any TC.
Voting on any matter shall be by simple majority of Ecma TC members. Each Ecma member has only one vote.
One-time visitors can attend a meeting only at the special invitation
of the SG at the request of the TC. They have no voting rights.
It is recommended that in the course of its ordinary work the
TC should not use voting unless it is impossible to make progress
without a vote.
The provisional Chairman and Vice-Chairman nominated by the ExeCom shall act for an initial period which shall be not less than six months from the date of the first meeting and which shall include the first three meetings.
At the first meeting of the TC which takes place after the end of the initial period, a Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall be elected from among the ordinary member representatives. However, in exceptional cases – when no ordinary member representative is available for such responsibility – the TC may appoint an individual as Chairman and / or Vice-Chairman who is not an ordinary member representative and the GA shall be notified.
The Chairman and Vice-Chairman, having been elected from among the member company representatives, hold office for a term of 12 months and are eligible for re-election.
Meetings of the TCs shall be conducted by the Chairman, according to the By‑laws and Rules of Ecma. A representative of the Secretariat shall act as Secretary for all TC meetings. The Vice-Chairman or an appointed TC expert should assist the secretary and should act for the secretary if the latter is unable to attend.
Agenda for meetings of the TCs shall be prepared by the Chairman and an officer of the Secretariat taking into account suggestions made by members of the Committee. The agenda shall be made available to all members three weeks before each meeting; at the opening of the meeting it can be updated and it shall be approved.
The secretary of a TC shall be responsible for the preparation
of minutes of the meetings.
The minutes shall be made available by the secretary within three weeks after a meeting to all members of the TC, the General Assembly, and the ExeCom.
The first item on the agenda of each TC shall be the review
and approval of the minutes of the preceding meeting. The minutes,
after approval, shall constitute the official record of the meeting
of a TC.
Any suggestions for the amendment of terms of reference of TCs shall be addressed to the SG for discussion between the TC Chairman and the ExeCom.
The Chairman is responsible for the preparation of a semi-annual
report for each TC: He will be assisted by the Vice-Chairman and
an officer of the Secretariat in this task and the report will
be submitted to the General Assembly. The report will contain
a description of the results achieved to date and an outline of
the work to be carried out during the next year.
This report will be made available to all members of the TC for
Any member of a TC has the right to ask for a minority report, which they shall provide, to be included into the semi-annual report.
The work of all TCs will be discussed every six months at a meeting of the ExeCom and the SG at which meetings the semi-annual reports will be presented.
First priority in discussion at the meetings of the TCs shall be
given to items on the agenda.
Under no circumstances should any technical contribution be decided
upon at a TC meeting unless it has been made available to all
Committee members at least three weeks before the meeting.
Face-to-face meetings may be held in Geneva or at any other place. Economy and efficiency shall be a factor in choosing the meeting place and the meeting mode. Electronic or a combination of electronic and face-to-face meetings are possible options, left to the TC’s decision.
7. Task Groups (TGs)
A Technical Committee may form TGs for the accomplishment of specific tasks within the scope of the TC. In case of a “Royalty-Free TG (http://www.ecma-international.org/memento/codeofconduct.htm, http://www.ecma-international.org/memento/Policies/Ecma_Royalty-Free_Patent_Policy_Extension_Option.htm)”, the approval of the General Assembly is required.
At least two members of the TC shall agree to take an active part
in the work of a TG.
Terms of reference of the TG shall be included in the minutes of the meeting of the Technical Committee at which the TG has been formed. In case of a “Royalty-Free TG” the Terms of Reference require the approval of the General Assembly .
TGs shall report at each meeting to the TC on their activities;
these reports shall appear in the minutes of the TC.
The Convenor of a TG shall be appointed by the TC upon nomination by the TG for 12 months and is eligible for re-appointment.
Face-to-face meetings may be held in Geneva or at any other place. Economy and efficiency shall be a factor in choosing the meeting place and the meeting mode. Electronic or a combination of electronic and face-to-face meetings are possible options, left to the TG’s decision.
8. Membership and fees
The General Assembly shall set the annual membership fee for the
following fiscal year based on the budget for that year.
Although the Association shall be non-profit making, reserves
may be accumulated if so decided by the General Assembly.
For each class of company membership, the annual fee shall be:
- Ordinary members: The full nominal fee
- Associate members: One half of the full nominal
- SME members: One quarter of the full
- SPC members: Five percent of the full nominal fee.
There is no fee for NFPs (Not-For-Profit organizations).
Annual membership begins on the first day of the fiscal year and
continues throughout that year.
Existing members as of the last day of the current fiscal year
continue as members of the same class as of the first day of and
throughout the following fiscal year, unless a change of the membership category has been approved (see 8.5).
The company membership fee is due within 60 days upon receipt of an invoice.
If the membership fee is not paid within four months upon receipt of the invoice the access right of the member to all Ecma members’ privileged resources and its participation in the Ecma standardization work may be automatically suspended without any further notice by Ecma.
The Secretary General shall indicate at the first ordinary General
Assembly of the fiscal year the name(s) of the company member(s)
having not paid the annual fee. The General Assembly shall decide
on the sanctions to be taken, up to and including temporary suspension
of all voting privileges.
Any withdrawing company member shall pay the full annual fee for
the appropriate membership class for the fiscal year at the end
of which the withdrawal becomes effective.
Any new company member admitted at the General Assembly held in
the first half of a fiscal year shall pay one half of the full
annual fee for its membership class in that fiscal year.
Any new company member admitted at the General Assembly held
in the second half of a fiscal year shall not pay a fee for that
fiscal year, but shall pay the full annual fee for its membership
class in the following fiscal year.
Any upgraded (see By-laws Art.6.2) company member admitted at
the General Assembly held in the first half of a fiscal year shall
pay one half of the full annual fee for its new membership class
for the second half of that fiscal year.
Any upgraded company member admitted at the General Assembly
held in the second half of a fiscal year shall not pay an additional
fee for its new membership class for that fiscal year, but shall
pay the full annual fee for its new membership class in the following
Downgraded membership (see By-laws Art. 6.3) becomes effective
at the beginning of the fiscal year following the fiscal year
when the downgrading was approved.
9. Operating expenses
Operating expenses of the Association shall consist of salaries,
travel and office expenses of the Secretariat and publication
Expenses of Ecma members including those connected with ad hoc
committees, TCs and TGs are not part of the operating expenses
of the Association.
The Secretary General of Ecma is responsible to the Treasurer
for the operating expenses of the Association.
The general accounting of the Secretariat shall be reviewed once
a year by an Auditor appointed by the Treasurer and approved by
the General Assembly.