Ecma formal publications (free download)
Two types of formal publications are prepared by Ecma:
The Ecma archive which contains the scanned copies of all withdrawn Ecma Standards is available here.
The Ecma International policies are available here.
The Ecma list of patent statements is available here.
The Ecma annual Mementos (Ecma annual reports from 1962 until now) containing information about the Ecma structure at that time, its membership, activities, technical publications, legal texts and so on are also available here.
A Standard or a Technical Report is a formal document prepared
by an Ecma Technical Committee and approved by the Ecma General
Assembly. A majority of at least two-thirds of all the ordinary
members is required for approval.
Ecma International often submits its Standards to ISO/IEC JTC 1's fast track approval procedure which adheres to the WTO TBT guidelines.
Ecma Standards and Technical Reports are made available as download to all
interested persons or organizations, free of charge in PDF format (to obtain a PDF reader, go to e.g. the Adobe webpage or to a free software PDF reader). All Ecma Standards and Technical Reports are covered by the Ecma copyright notice.
The liability and responsibility for the implementation
of an Ecma Standard rests with the implementor, and not with Ecma.
However, implementors might want to consult the
Ecma "Code of conduct in
Whenever Ecma International receives a Patent declaration, this one is stored next to the relevant standard to be downloaded.
Ecma officially approves and publishes its Standards and Technical Reports in English. For convenience, translations into other languages are sometimes provided by external sources, however without control and maintenance by Ecma International.
Should a conflict arise between the original English version and a translation of an Ecma publication, the English version always takes preference over the translation.
How to obtain Ecma publications on CD-ROM and as paper document